Alternative Corporate Structures


Afsharipour, Afra. 2017. ‘Redefining Corporate Purpose: An International Perspective‘, Seattle University Law Review, 40: 27.

Cao, K., Gehman, J. and Grimes, M.G., 2017. Standing Out and Fitting In: Charting the Emergence of Certified B Corporations by Industry and Region.

Friar, John H., and Wendy D. Vittori. 2017. ‘The Pharos Project: Solving the Building Materials Toxicity Challenge‘, Entrepreneurship: Theory & Practice, 41: 131-41.

Kannothra, C, Manning, S, & Haigh, N 2017, ‘How hybrids manage growth and social–business tensions in global supply chains: The case of impact sourcing‘, Journal Of Business Ethics.

Laporte, Taylor. 2017. ‘New Belgium Brewing Company And B Corporation Certification‘, Ivey Business Publishing.



Alexander, Frederick. 2016. ‘Delaware Public Benefit Corporations: Widening the Fiduciary Aperture to Broaden the Corporate Mission‘, Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, 28: 66-74.

Ballesteros-Sola, Maria. 2016. Overcoming Hybrids’ Conflicting Logics Rethoric: Toward a New “Born-Hybrid” Logic. In United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Conference Proceedings, GO1. United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship.

Bromberg, Daniel E. 2016. Problem Solving with the Private Sector: A Public Solutions Handbook (Routledge).

Brown, Summer. 2016. ‘Benefit Corporations: A Case Study in the Issues of Implementation and Adoption of the Fastest Growing Business Form in the United States‘, Business and Professional Ethics Journal.

Dale, John, and David Kyle. 2016. ‘Smart Humanitarianism: Re-imagining Human Rights in the Age of Enterprise‘, Critical Sociology: 0896920516640041.

Dorff, Michael B. 2016. ‘Why Public Benefit Corporations?‘.

Dubb, Steve. 2016. ‘Community wealth building forms: What they are and how to use them at the local level‘, The Academy of Management Perspectives, 30: 141-52.

Elkington, Rob, Antony Upward, and Grant Jones. 2016. ‘Leadership as enabling function for flourishing by design‘, Journal of Global Responsibility, 7.

Felicetti, Andrea. 2016. ‘A Deliberative Case for Democracy in Firms‘, Journal of Business Ethics: 1-12.

Fosfuri, Andrea, Marco S Giarratana, and Esther Roca. 2016. ‘Social Business Hybrids: Demand Externalities, Competitive Advantage, and Growth Through Diversification‘, Organization Science, 27: 1275-89.

Franklin, Eric. 2016. ‘A Rational Approach to Business Entity Choice‘.

Goldschein, Perry, and Paul Miesing. 2016. ‘How Benefit Corporations Effectively Enhance Corporate Responsibility‘, Business and Professional Ethics Journal.

Hai, Solange, and Richard L Daft. 2016. ‘When missions collide: Lessons from hybrid organizations for sustaining a strong social mission‘, Organizational Dynamics.

Hiller, Janine S, Scott Shackelford, and Xiao Ma. 2016. ‘The Firm As Common Pool Resource: Unpacking the Rise of Benefit Corporations‘.

Hunt, Sharon, and James Mattson. 2016. ‘Compassionate capitalism, the workplace, and social capital.’ in, Social Capital and Community Well-Being (Springer).

Joseph Cordes, Nathan Dietz, C. Eugene Steuerle, and Erica Broadus. 2016. ‘New ways of Creating social value: Hybrids and Impact Investing.’ in C. Eugene Steuerle Elizabeth T. Boris (ed.), Nonprofits and Government: Collaboration and Conflict (Rowman & Littlefield Publishers / Urban Institute).

Maretich, Marta Marie, Jed Emerson, and Alex James Nicholls. 2016. ‘Governing for Impact: Managing Mission-Driven Organizations Through Stages of Growth and Investment’, Saïd Business School WP, 9.

Stecker, Michelle J. 2016. Awash in a Sea of Confusion: Benefit Corporations, Social Enterprise, and the Fear of “Greenwashing”, Journal of Economic Issues, 50: 373-81. 



Cetindamar, D., 2015. Organizations with purpose: Benefit corporations, Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), 2015 Portland International Conference on, pp. 28-32.

El Khatib, K., 2015. The Harms of the Benefit Corporation. American University Law Review 65, 151-189.

Farley, L. A.,2015. Knowledge Is Power: How Implementing Affirmative Disclosures Under the JOBS Act Could Promote and Protect Benefit Corporations and Their Investors. Minnesota Law Review, 99(4), 1507-1570. 

Grosvenor, A., 2015. The Nuts and Bolts of Establishing a B Corporation. New Hampshire Business Review 37, 26.

Haigh, N., Walker, J., Bacq, S., Kickul, J., 2015. Hybrid Organizations: Origins, Strategies, Impacts, and Implications. California Management Review 57, 5-12.

M. Tu, Q., 2015. The Benefit Corporation: A New Entity for Community Service and Leadership. Woman Advoc. 20.

Peterson, Mark. 2015. Social Enterprise for Poverty Alleviation in an Era of Sector Convergence, Journal of Ethics & Entrepreneurship, 5: 5.

Rawhouser, H., Cummings, M., Crane, A., 2015. Benefit Corporation Legislation and the Emergence of a Social Hybrid Category. California Management Review 57, 13-35.

Santos, F., Pache, A.-C., Birkholz, C., 2015. Making Hybrids Work: Aligning Business Models and Organizational Design for Social Enterprises. California Management Review 57, 36-58.

Tyler, John E.A., Kathleen Garman, Anthony J. Luppino, 2015. Producing Better Mileage: Advancing the Design and Usefulness of Hybrid Vehicles for Social Business Ventures. Quinnipiac Law Review 33.



Berg, N., 2014. Up and Running. Architect 103, 24-24.

Cooney, Kate, Justin Koushyar, Matthew Lee, & Haskell Murray, 2014. Benefit Corporation and L3C Adoption: A Survey. Stanford Social Innovation Review.

Finfrock, J.T., Eric, 2014. Social Entrepreneurship and Uncorporations. U. Ill. L. Rev. 2014, 1867-1886.

Hendershot, S., 2014. Compliance Isn’t Easy. Crain’s Chicago Business, 37(42), 0020-0020. 



Brewer, C.V., 2012. Seven Ways to Strenghen and Improve the L3C Emerging Issues in Social Enterprise. Regent U. L. Rev. 25, 329-350.

Lofft, K.R.M., Purvi B. Rosenberg, Tamar R., 2012. Are Hybrids Really More Efficient: A Drive-by Analysis of Alternative Company Structures. Bus. L. Today 2012, 1-6.

Lofft, K.R.M., Purvi B. Rosenberg, Tamar R., 2012. Is a Hybrid Just What the Doctor Ordered: Evaluating the Potential Use of Alternative Company Structures by Healthcare Enterprises. Health Law. 25, 9-17.

Page, A., 2012. New Corporate Forms and Green Business Symposium Article. Wm. & Mary Envtl. L. & Pol’y Rev. 37, 347-374.

Reiser, D.B., 2012. Next Big Thing: Flexible Purpose Corporations, The Symposium Articles. Am. U. Bus. L. Rev. 2, 55-84.

Reiser, D.B., 2012. Theorizing Forms for Social Enterprise The 2012 Randolph W. Thrower Symposium: Innovation for the Modern Era: Law, Policy, and Legal Practice in a Changing World. Emory L.J. 62, 681-740.

Underberg, M.A., 2012. Benefit Corporations vs. “Regular” Corporations: A Harmful Dichotomy. Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation.